El Tequila: de su origen a su desnaturalización. ¿A quién le pertenece su conocimiento? Una aproximación

Bernardo Olmedo-Carranza
Palabras Claves / Key words: 
Tequila, cultural, ethnic products, products of nostalgia, landscape Agavero, intellectual property

Tequila, a traditional beverage and emblematic of Mexico, is part of the national cultural
identity, regional and local product is considered a ethnic and nostalgia in the domestic
market and markets abroad Mexican migrants. Linked to the various cultural events from
Mexican society, made from a specific variety of agave (cactus), was originally developed on
a small scale (XVII and XVIII), and by the nineteenth century was an industrial manner. It has
a denomination of origin (1974) and with the mexican (1994). In 2006, UNESCO declared
Heritage of Humanity the so-called "landscape Agavero" comprising the vast fields of culture,
the old industrial facilities, distill, farms and towns. From being a family agribusiness capital,
national and local, from the 60s of the twentieth century some factories associated with
corporate capital and foreign multinationals. The importance of transnational capital that are
currently derived from owners of 9 of the 10 most important brands for quality, price and age,
which includes production, packaging, distribution, brands, and, largely, an important part of
the "landscape Agavero" implying the risk that this becomes a form of private appropriation
by capital-MNC-on knowledge and natural, historic and cultural generators tequila Mexican
towns, the intellectual property of a product Mexican traditional part of Mexican society,
which could be supported and justified by international conventions